By Zak Forsman, September 20th, 2011

The following is a guest post by Koo.

I’m currently crowdfunding my first feature film, and rather than pitch it to you, I’ll first share this “multimedia lookbook” that I put together. My project, a youth basketball feature entitled Man-child, is participating at Independent Film Week in New York this week and I assembled this clip to help producers understand what I’m going for aesthetically with the film. It’s just a combination of clips from other films paired with a voiceover, but it should give you some idea of what I’ll be going for:

Okay, so how did I arrive at this point and why am I making this movie?

After co-directing the “urban western” web series The West Side with Zack Lieberman, we got an agent in LA and attempted to get a larger interactive project made in Hollywood. One lesson we learned in this process: you can spend a lot of time knocking on doors, taking meetings, and putting together pitches and assorted documents. When you set out to be a filmmaker and tell stories that you’re passionate about, however, these aren’t the activities to which you aspire. You’re not getting better as a storyteller because you’re not telling stories.

I knew coming out of that experience that I wanted to tell a story I was personally passionate about, and so I set about researching and writingthe script forMan-child.And if you’re going to crowdfund a film, it has to be a project in which you’re personally invested. Great example: Zak Forsman’s campaign to make a feature about his father. I grew up playing basketball in North Carolina and so the story of Man-childis definitely personal to me.

Why this is a story worth telling

Man-child takes place in the surprisingly high-stakes world of youth basketball. Sometimes referred to as grassroots basketball, the fascinating world (largely unseen by the general public) has been getting younger and younger in its corporatization. Middle schoolers are now nationally ranked and shoe companies sponsor teams and tournaments in an effort to be the first to discover the next Michael Jordan (and sign him to an unwritten contract).

In response to this, in 2009 the NCAA lowered the age limit on who can be considered an official basketball prospect to include 7th graders. They did this in an effort to protect kids from unregulated recruiting.

This world is compelling to me for a number of reasons. We’re talking about kids for whom the sky is the limit, but more often than not they have very little in their lives right now. Thus they (and their families) are more easily won over with offers of money, free shoes, and the other benefits that street agents, coaches, and other hangers-on offer them.

The fact is that the vast majority of talented teenagers will never make it as professional athletes, but it’s more than just a matter of athleticism: it comes down to the decisions they make. These are decisions that few of us have ever had to face, much less at such a young age. This is why I find the world of youth basketball to be so interesting from a dramatist’s perspective: big decisions for little kids.

Why I’m crowdfunding the film

First off, that part about knocking on doors — there’s nothing wrong with trying to get your film funded in a traditional manner. But as someone who’s spent 18 months sharing everything I possibly can about filmmaking on my website NoFilmSchool, I felt if I could get my readers behind the project that it could be a film that’s enabled by a community that actually wants to see the film, as opposed to an executive that thinks the film will be profitable. I want to make a basketball movie about real-world, quiet moments as opposed to big melodramatic set-pieces, and I didn’t feel the Powers That Be would be interested in making the film that I want to see.

Will we make it? I don’t know. The goal is an ambitious $115,000 — sports movies are logistically complex and expensive to make, unfortunately — and there are only a few short days left. Check out my campaign video if you’re interested and good luck with your own personal passion projects!

Koo co-wrote, directed, shot, and edited the “urban western” web series The West Side, which won the Webby Award for Best Drama Series. He is one of Filmmaker Magazine’s 25 New Faces of Film and runs the website NoFilmSchool, which focuses on DIY filmmaking and independent creativity; Man-child will be his first feature.

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Zak Forsman is an artist-entrepreneur whose emotionally-charged motion pictures are known for highly authentic performances and beautiful compositions. They have been praised by Ain’t It Cool News as “Brilliant” and “Absolutely Gorgeous” and by Filmmaker Magazine as “Very Accomplished, Amazing.”

By Zak Forsman, September 6th, 2011

We caught up with Tiffany Shlain as she prepares to release her newest feature, CONNECTED “An Autoblogography about Love, Death and Technology.” A DIY pioneer, Tiffany is always at the forefront of utilizing interesting and innovative ways to reach and engage audiences. Starting next week CONNECTED makes its way to screens nation wide after a successful festival run.

What made you decide to make the film CONNECTED?

Fifteen years ago, I founded The Webby Awards because I was fascinated by how the Internet was connecting people all over the world in new and unexpected ways. And being so interested in the ways things are connected, I it always struck me how so many of the conversations about the problems of our day were discussed as separate challenges. Whether the environment, women’s rights, poverty or social justice, it became more apparent to me that that when you perceive everything as connected, it radically shapes your perspective. The concept of interdependence has been around since the dawn of humanity, but the relatively recent component of the internet has added this new layer that connects us in a fresh way, almost giving the world a new type of central nervous system.

I am a filmmaker and so decided to craft a film that would tell the story of being connected in the 21st century.  I asked my father, Leonard Shlain, to be a co-writer on the project.  My dad was a surgeon, but also a pioneer in writing about connections between science, consciousness, the human brain, art and civilization. His best-selling books included The Alphabet Versus the Goddess; Sex, Time, and Power; and Art & Physics. He was an incredible visionary, had a wonderful knowledge of history and I felt he would make an enormous contribution to the film.  Just as we began production on CONNECTED, he was diagnosed with brain cancer.  I quickly discovered that here I was writing about all these interrelationships and the one great connection I had overlooked was the emotional connection.  That’s when I began the difficult process of rewriting the film to include my personal story of connection interwoven into the the bigger story of connection throughout history and where I think we are heading.

The subtitle of CONNECTED is “An Autoblogography about Love, Death and Technology.”  What does the word “autoblogography” mean?

“Autoblogography” is a word we made up in order to convey that the film is autobiographical, but also has to do with technology.  It also conveys the humor which is a major thread in the movie.

Is there a connection between CONNECTED and your last film THE TRIBE?

In my earlier film, THE TRIBE, I explored American Jewish identity through the history of the Barbie Doll.  I know, it sounds absurd.  After all, what can the most successful doll on the planet show about being Jewish in American today?  It turns out that Barbie was invented in 1959 by an American Jewish businesswoman named Ruth Handler.  A Jewish woman created the ultimate shiksa. With THE TRIBE, I wove together archival footage, graphics, animation, humor, and even slam poetry that took audiences on a ride through the complex history of both Barbie and the Jewish people.  By revealing all these unique connections, THE TRIBE explored the question of what it means to be an American Jew in the 21st century.  CONNECTED employs much of the same collage visual style but explores what it means to be a human in 21st century.

Do you believe there are positives and negatives to technology?

My father loved quoting Sophocles, “Nothing vast enters the life of mortals without a curse.”  So, from the beginning of time, every new technology and advancement brought with them a complex mix of positive and negative repercussions as well as unintended consequences.  CONNECTED addresses the potential of these new 21st century technologies, the importance of harnessing their powers, but also covers the ramifications when these new technologies take over and even overwhelm our personal lives.

I’ve started practicing what I call “technology Shabbats” with my family.  Every Friday at sundown, our whole family disconnects until Saturday night.  No cell phones, no internet, no television, no Ipads. No multi-tasking. We disconnect completely. Or maybe I should say we connect completely – with ourselves and each other.

I am learning that turning off technology is just as powerful as turning it on and that our society needs both.  Technology can be so enticing and overwhelming, but we also need to remember how important it is to be fully present with the people you love and also be alone and quiet.  The potential of technology globally and personally is exponential, but we need to know where the off switch is and when to shut it down.

So what is the ultimate goal of your film?

The goal of CONNECTED is to launch a global conversation about what it means to be connected in the 21st century.  I hope that the film will be the catalyst for this global conversation.  In an effort to expand the power of the film, we’ve created a robust website, facebook page where we constantly add new articles about this topic and have created an educator’s kit including conversation cards, a film guide a curriculum for educators.

In the film you say, “For centuries we have declared our independence, perhaps it’s time we finally declare our interdependence.”  What does it mean to declare our interdependence?

It’s time to shift perspective.  In many ways we as a species are mirroring the way we each develop as a human on this earth. We come into the world completely dependent on our mother’s and parents.  As we grow up, we evolve into independent adults, live on our own and get our own jobs and provide for our own families.  But this independence then brings us to a new realization of how we are connected with family, friends and community.  I think we, as a species are evolving to the point where we are entering this understanding of our interdependence. Who knows if all these tools we are creating for collaborating in new ways through the internet are leading us to this understanding, or the understanding is driving us to create these tools. Technology is just an extension of ourselves. It is not separate. Regardless of what’s propelling it, these living and thinking interdependently will actually change our consciousness and help make real transformation in the world around us.

So you are optimistic about our future?

When I do Q&A’s after screening CONNECTED, I am frequently asked, “What makes you so optimistic?”  I respond by saying that I believe in humans and humanity and in our innate ability to change for the better.  Look at the end of slavery and apartheid, the women’s rights and civil rights movements, and other political and social transformative movements in the last few hundred years, and you can see how we are indeed evolving. There are two things that make me optimistic. We as humans are curious and we have a deep desire to connect. These two things will make us move us forward to a better place.

You are also spearheading a new project called “Let it Ripple.”  What is this and how does this connect to CONNECTED?

The ‘Let it Ripple’ project will pick up where CONNECTED leaves off. We are creating a series of six short films, all tied together by the general theme of connectedness.  The first film is A Declaration of Interdependence. My husband, Ken Goldberg, co-writer Sawyer Steele, and I wrote A Declaration of Interdependence, which is based on the American Declaration of Independence. Our new declaration was then posted online on July 4th and tweeted out via YouTube and we invited people from all over the world to submit video of themselves reading the declaration in their native language from their cell phone, laptop, whatever was handy.  We also asked graphic designers and artists to interpret the words creatively and submit artwork. The submissions are blowing me away. It’s interdependence in action. The film will be made up entirely of these submissions, tied together by our animator, Stefan Nadelman, with music by one of my favorite sound artists Moby.

A Declaration of Interdependence will premiere on Interdependence Day which is September 12th at a special event near Ground Zero in New York.  Every time we get an entry, I get chills watching the videos.  It is thrilling to see people from all over the world declare their interdependence. We are going to edit it all down into an inspiring 3 minute movie that will be posted on the web and we are going to provide this film for free and allow different organizations and non-profits to use the film by putting their own call to action at the end. We are open-sourcing the creation of the film and hope to open source how it is used.

By sharing these messages of connectedness and interdependence, I believe there will be a positive ripple effect; sparks that help turn what we’re talking about into action.  It’s all about connection.

CONNECTED opens in theaters in major cities beginning in mid-September.

*All dates below start one week runs

SF: Sept 16th SF Landmark Embarcadero
Berkeley Sept 16 Shattuck 10
Marin: Sept 16 Sequoia Theater
Santa Cruz: Sept 23 Nickelodeon
Portland: Sept 23rd Regal Fox Tower 10
LA: Sept 30 premieres at The Pacific Arclight Theater Hollywood
Seattle: Oct 7th Landmark Varsity 3
NYC: Oct 14th Angelika Theater
Denver: Oct 28th Landmark Chez Artiste

Honored by Newsweek as one of the “Women Shaping the 21st Century,” Tiffany Shlain is a filmmaker, artist, founder of The Webby Awards and co-founder of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences. Tiffany’s films and work have received over 40 awards and distinctions.  A celebrated thinker, she delivered the commencement address at University of California at Berkeley and is a Henry Crown Fellow of The Aspen Institute.

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Zak Forsman is an artist-entrepreneur whose emotionally-charged motion pictures are known for highly authentic performances and beautiful compositions. They have been praised by Ain’t It Cool News as “Brilliant” and “Absolutely Gorgeous” and by Filmmaker Magazine as “Very Accomplished, Amazing.”

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By Zak Forsman, July 18th, 2011

The following is a guest post by Kim Lessing.

Just about five years ago, Glen Trotiner, a filmmaker who’s had every job from p.a. to producer, and his buddy, Jeff Hephner, a television actor, were in bar in the East Village drunk talking about two of their favorite subjects: conspiracy theories, and fixing the world’s problems.

Somehow, that night, the two discussions became linked and a story that needed to be told began to unfold:

It began with one of their favorite conspiracy theories. Just before he died, in 1943, the 87 year-old reclusive inventor, Nikola Tesla, who had given the world alternating current, radio, radar, and x-rays, claimed to have invented a device that could produce energy from a free and unlimited source, and distribute it without wires or cables.

The device was never publicly demonstrated.

The conspiracy theory claims the device was removed from the inventor’s lab by Government Agents on the night the inventor died, and has been suppressed by the authorities for all these years.

Their story would begin almost seventy years later as two roommates, Jeff, a conspiracy theorist, and Sam, a debunker, go out in search of the one remaining surviving witness to the events of the night of Tesla’s death.

Just as the premise for The 9th Dot was hatching, Jake Wasserman, an ambitious and talented high school student, came to work for Glen as a production assistant. Jake is one of those kids born with a camera in his hands. Glen recognized his potential and immediately took Jake under his wing.

With Jake’s input on the script, The 9th Dot began to take shape (the title comes from the nine dot puzzle, developed by Disney, that tests for thinking outside the box).

The search for an actor to play Sam ended during a difficult film shoot in Maine. Ariel Shafir, who was coincidently, (or not so coincidently) playing conspiracy theorist in that very movie, read an early draft of the 9th Dot and came aboard to play Sam.

It seemed then that the project was ready for take off. Unfortunately shooting was put on hold when Glen went off to Romania to work on the movie Blood Creek.

Luckily, right after Glen returned, he learned Titan-TV, was looking for web content that could be launched into episodic material. Titian, read and loved the script and suggested it be conceived as a web-blog. Each episode would be a short segment of the investigation. The audience would be participating in real time, blogging along with Sam.

Just as the scripts were finished, however, Titan-TV stopped making original content. A disappointing blow, but like any good story, it didn’t end there.

The gang went ahead with shooting. They shot at locations all over New York City, including the New Yorker Hotel, where Tesla had died, Bryant Park, where Samuel Morse had once first shown the world the dots and dashes of Morse code at the very first New York Worlds Fair, and The Engineers Club, where Tesla had once belonged.

Soon, Jake took on the daunting task on editing, and furthered his role as a valuable collaborator. He singlehandedly created a unique look for the episodes, alternating between the handheld investigative footage with carefully crafted animations.

The finished product looks and feels like nothing ever done before; a true demonstration to the powerful content that can be created when passion meets craft.

CBS interactive saw the first three episodes and offered to pick up the series.

But then CBS Interactive was folded into CNET, so the series lacked an outlet once again.

At that point it became clear that if the project would never meet it’s full potential waiting around for the networks.

Five years after the bar stool meeting, the show is finally ready to launch, on August 1st, on it’s very own homegrown website (

A preview of the investigation is already up on the site, ready to watch. Self-made and self-promoted, it’s been a labor of love for all concerned and its birth is testament to power of interactive story telling in every sense of the world.

In the same way the character Jeff distrusts corporations, the 9th Dot’s creative team Glen, Jake, Jeff and Ariel want The 9th Dot and its followers to speak for themselves,

The cost of energy is still a global problem. The price of gas is still too high. And Tesla’s invention is still missing. There is much to be considered, and discussed and there is problem solving to be done. The 9th Dot is the place to listen and be heard. Above all else, we want to hear from you.!/the9thdot

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Posted in audience storytelling transmedia

Zak Forsman is an artist-entrepreneur whose emotionally-charged motion pictures are known for highly authentic performances and beautiful compositions. They have been praised by Ain’t It Cool News as “Brilliant” and “Absolutely Gorgeous” and by Filmmaker Magazine as “Very Accomplished, Amazing.”

By Zak Forsman, May 10th, 2011

Today’s guest contributor is KYLE PROHASKA — CEO of Praise Pictures, a film production company primarily involved in the Christian market. His first feature film Standing Firm recently released on DVD in the USA and over a dozen foreign countries. Kyle’s skill set spans a wide range from graphic and web design to editing, coloring, compression, dvd authoring, and online marketing.

Facebook Marketing: The Key to Independent Film Marketing?

In a world bombarded by media and lower and lower budgeted products flooding the marketplace, it’s no wonder filmmakers are searching for new ways of distribution and marketing. The last ten years especially has opened up various doors for the little guy working in his moms basement. Technology has pushed the ball forward more for the indie filmmaker in the last number of years (even the last 5) than any other time in cinematic history. With movies showing up in cinemas shot on $2500 DSLR’s, it’s no wonder every deadbeat who ever wanted to make a film is now giving it a shot and throwing things up on Youtube or Vimeo. But, the same problem remains that has plagued the unknown filmmaker from the beginning of the cosmos…how to get your movie in front of people who care?

With the birth of social media, almost anybody can find an audience. That is, if there’s an audience to find. Facebook fan pages have become increasingly popular over a short span of time as everybody and their brother is making pages for their favorite things, and for filmmakers it’s the perfect opportunity to gather supporters. Email lists and things of that sort work well as well, but it’s a cold message dropped into an email box, it’s not the same. With a fan page you can regularly keep people updated about whatever it is you’re working on, comment and answer their questions, add polls to ask them questions back and get feedback, and invite them to share your films page with others. Unfortunately due to spamming and massive amounts of page invites, Facebook removed the “Suggest to Friends” feature from the site, crushing the ability to build your fan page for free. There are ways to still build it a little bit (they kept the Suggest to Friends feature for administrators), but it’s limited at best. Asking people to “Share” your status posts or the page itself is one of the few ways to spread the word, that is unless you care to spend a little money.

Lets be honest, not many filmmakers or indie-producers out there have a spare dime to spend on promotion. It all went into the spit and popsicle sticks they used to finish their film or whatever it is they’re working on. But, Facebook Ads can be a fantastic way to spread the word if you can get the costs down low enough. I don’t really suggest this for anyone who doesn’t have a product to actually sell, because your money can go down the tubs very quickly if you don’t know what you’re doing. The key is to get your sales to balance out with your ad costs, and with enough elbow grease actually get into the profit arena. I can’t spill every secret but I will give you a few tips and tricks to show you how to create an effective Facebook marketing campaign for your film.

Creating The Proper Page

Something to consider when creating your fan page that affects your ads….your page title. When you create a title for your page, it’s permanent. They won’t let you change it after a while so putting something clear in there is smart. You do need to consider SEO (Search Engine Optimization) when creating your fan pages. Is the title of your movie or product something unique? I know I’m stepping outside the bounds of Facebook here but that’s an important thing to consider. If your title is very unique you may have no need to put anything but the title in the page. If there’s something non-movie related that might clash with your title then putting “Movie” at the end of your title may be beneficial. Here’s why this actually matters. When you run Facebook ads for a fan page specifically, they don’t just track your clicks but your “actions.” This is how many people have become a fan as a result of your ad. This is great because then you know you’re not just paying for people that leave. This is something to keep an eye on as you run your ads and do tests because you might have a very cheap ad running and you’re getting the clicks but for whatever reason only 10% of those who click become a fan. That’s a problem so watch out! Ok, back to the title problem. The reason why the title matters is because when you run ads for a fan page on Facebook they FORCE you (yes) to use the title of the page as the title of the ad. When you do a normal ad linking to a site somewhere you can put in any title you want but with fan pages it’s different. So if your title is “The Blog_movie” it’s going to look very weird above an ad and possibly even look spammy. Be sure when you create your fan page’s name that it’s something that’ll look good above an ad if you ever plan to run them because once you choose it and build that fan page it’s PERMANENT.

How Can I Boost My Fan Base?

To do that I’ll have to look at my films page:

You’ll notice right away that we have quite a few fans, over 200,000 as of the day I’m writing this. Quite a few right? Well, that came at a cost and I’m pleased to report the cost has been made back and continues to be, but it took a number of months to get things that high even spending the money. You’ll also notice that before you become a fan you’re taken to a landing page with the trailer on it, links to buy the DVD, etc. These are very important if you have a film to market. I see many films out there with terrible trailers as well, and even if you run ads and have them point to a page like this, you could easily lose a potential customer if your trailer is awful. Not only is it rare for them to click an ad at all, but when they do they better love what they see when they get there or else they’re GONE. If you don’t have an absolutely fantastic trailer that at least grabs them in the first 10-15 seconds, do yourself a favor and either scratch the landing page altogether, or put something on it they WILL care about. FBML was an application you used to use to do these landing pages but Facebook only a number of weeks ago has swapped it out with something called iFrames. You can Google that to find more information on building landing pages. Basic HTML/CSS and graphics knowledge can be VERY useful here and you’d be surprised just how complicated these pages can get. If you want my advise, the simpler the better. People are just plain ol’ dumb sometimes when it comes to finding things and clicking on what you want them to. Just assume you’re making the landing page for your grandma and make things clearcut and easy to understand. Remember with advertising with ads you’re paying for the clicks, so what good is a click if they land on your page and go away after a number of seconds because they’re either disinterested or confused by what they’re looking at. KISS…keep it simple stupid, because that’s how most of the goofballs on the internet are. Some of you know what I’m talking about. “Click there.” “Where?” “Right there…” “Where, I don’t see anything!?” “Ugh! THERE!” ….(pause) “Oh, now I see it.”

You get the picture. :)

Before I began running actual advertising for my page I did get the page up to 16,000 fans. This is done various ways and now with the removal of the “Suggest to Friends” feature it can get even tougher. Also, you need to target those who will actually care about your film. What good is having your best buddy as a fan of your film if he doesn’t plan to pick up a copy? 200,000 fans means nothing if nobody goes and purchases a DVD. Also, you can have all the fans in the world on your page and even pay thousands of dollars for them but have absolutely no activity on your page. There are pages on Facebook with hundreds of thousands of fans that barely get any “Likes” or comments on their status posts because the active users who are fans is zilch. You need to keep the page moving and keep those who are fans interested.

It won’t take any of you very long to notice that my film is a Christian film so therefore I’m going to be looking for people who have purchased other Christian products in the past. If you’re doing advertising that means targeting other Christian movies (of if you’re doing a normal movie that’s about something like Surfing, you’d target surfing movies). A very simple concept really, but it’ll all depend on the product you have for sale. Lots of people overconfident in their film will target people they think are the buyers and get frustrated when they don’t get results. This is something you should be thinking about before you even make a film but I’ll say it anyways…KNOW YOUR MARKET. Who’s the film for? Who’s the buyer? If you don’t know then find out first then come back to this article, otherwise none of this will do you much good.

OK, back to what I was saying about keeping people interested. This can be done in a few different ways. I’m using my film as an example because in the Christian market I have a lot of things that I can use to keep people interested and interacting with my posts. Bible verses, quotes from theologians, quotes from people in the film, testimonies from views effected by the movie, requests for prayers for those on the page who might ask for them, etc. I’ll admit it’s a lot easier in the market I’m in to keep the page active. But, I understand almost everyone likely reading this isn’t in that arena so I’ll try and offer some alternatives and a few warnings. Warnings first.

One thing you want to avoid is making every single post you put up about where to buy your DVD and how important that it is they go out and get a copy. Is that the whole reason you’re marketing things yes, but after a while you’ll just be a salesman alone to people and not someone they want to interact with. Have you ever hidden anyone off your News Feed because they drive you crazy? If so then you can see how pitching “ZOMG BUY MY MOVIE ITSZA BEST!” can get a little annoying. I like to post every 24 hours but if you can’t every few days can be ideal for a page.

Another thing to avoid is attaching links to posts. Now I don’t mean posting links in general but actually attaching them. When you post a link into a status you’ll notice that special box appears that puts the title of the page in there, normally chooses a picture from the page and the description is embedded. These can be good for very rare circumstances but take it from me, the performance and number of impressions your status post will get goes down significantly, especially when your page grows to a significant amount. Most viruses on Facebook show up in the form of those embedded picture links, so be aware of that. That reason alone is enough for me to stay away from them overall since I know people are becoming less and less likely to click on things out of fear. To avoid the attaching of a link when you put it into a post, click the “Status” link again after pasting the link into the status and the attach box will disappear. It can also help to put in short links so you don’t scare off your customers. Long links (particularly from sites that sell DVDs like long links) can just look spammy by appearance.

Posts that are short, sweet, and to the point get the greatest response rates. Anything long-winded and tedious goes in one ear and out the other. If anyone ever has to hit “See More” on one of your posts, don’t expect a very big response. The more things they have to do to see your message, the less people you’ll impact. People are way too lazy most of the time to click “See More” when they’re quickly browsing their News Feed.

I suggest a site like to shorten your links. Listen to me though, assign custom links to each of them. If you think an or other kind of link like that is spammy looking try some of those short links that look like an expletive spelled out like in Looney Toons. Give them logical customized links that people can understand. The one I put at the end of a lot of my posts or when I share where to buy my DVD at is It’s easy for people to read, and it has “buydvd” in it which tells them what it’s for. The benefit of using these programs is also so you can track how many clicks they get and where they come from. My suggestion for you is to pick one single link to give people, shorten it and customize it, and then use that link ALONE for everything. Facebook, Twitter, emails you send to your mom, etc. This way you start to build a network with the link and whoever wants to share the film with others will be using that link as well so you can continue to track the clicks and where they’re coming from. You don’t have to do that but I suggest it because it’s been helpful to me.

By the way, I know I said not to pitch your DVD in every post but I meant more specifically. I tag the link on the end of my posts because most of the time I have people on the page who haven’t even seen that link yet, and every single time there’s a handful that click it, and always a handful that buy it.

HOT TIP: If you’ve made a film and have exhausted the “Suggest To Friends” link with your own friends, contact anyone who worked on the film that you trust (make sure of that) and explain to them that you want to make them an administrator temporarily on the page. Once they’re added they can use the “Suggest To Friends” link themselves and invite their friends. This is a quick backdoor way to get a couple thousand or more invites to the page by those who were involved with the film. As far as I know Facebook doesn’t have a limit on how many admins you can have or how much you can add/subtract them and put new people in so you could do this with quite a few people. It’s a good way for free to advertise the page initially and get a kickstart.

Running Facebook Ads

How about the ads I keep talking about? I’ll only talk about those briefly because this article is already running long. Facebook ads can cost you a ton of money if you get things wrong, so be prepared to monitor them at first almost all day to make sure you aren’t blowing your money. Before you even think about running an ad you need to consider your market and who you should be targeting. Do you want to target just those who will be interested or those who will be interested but are also the more likely buyers? You need to decide that depending on the needs of your project. In my case I started primarily targeting women 45+ as they are the majority buyer in the Christian market. Even with movies made for teens or men, the women are typically the ones going out and picking up the movies while they grocery shop, or if they buy it online they’re the initiator most of the time. Women are the pathway in the Christian market to reach the other demographics (at least that’s my opinion). So you need to know who you need to target and why.

Then you need to determine if you want to run CPC (cost per click) ads or CPM (cost per impression) ads. The difference between them you can go look up on Google but I’ll just tell you they both have their strengths and weaknesses. If you expect an amazing click through rate (I would say anything above 0.3% is doing pretty good) then CPM might actually keep your costs low. However on ads where your CTR is very poor CPM will just eat your money away. CPC can eat your money as well if your bid is too high and you’re paying 50 cents or even a dollar a click. That’s no way to market on Facebook especially when you’re probably keeping a couple bucks from your DVDs and that’s it. I would say you should get your costs down to $0.10 per click at a minimum if you want a really great ROI (return on investment) but that’s just my suggestion. You can be higher and still make a profit if those you are targeting are buying your product.

The ad itself is important and you would be surprised what affects the CTR’s most. The picture is the biggest eye catcher you can have. The text and even the title of the ad are secondary. Why do you think they put pictures of attractive women on there even if the ad is about something more general? They know men will click it. Honestly even if you’re targeting women, they respond to a woman’s picture more than a mans (in my experience) because they relate. Men click on ads with women on them because they’re attractive, women aren’t the best to grab that way. Choose pictures that your target market whom your shooting the ads at will respond to. Also don’t get too stuck on making the ad particularly fit the film or project. Sometimes it should but it doesn’t always have to. As long as what they see when they click on the ad isn’t TOO different from what they saw a picture of you should be fine, but your only goal is to get them to click, not to give them a rundown of your whole movie or product. JUST GET THE CLICK.

The title of the page as I stated at the top of this article is very important so make sure you choose wisely. The next would be the text which can be very annoying and coming up with something good can be hard. A call to action is always good because it initiates the buyer to click but all of this can fluctuate depending on your film. If it’s a chick flick then put something mushy in there and if it’s a horror movie put something about how great a horror movie it is. The options are endless and honestly I can’t give much advise here. You’ll need to experiment because none of this is cookie cutter. You need to do tests and see what performs the greatest, but make sure you don’t burn through your money doing it! The closer the text, title, and image relates to those you’re targeting the better.

As somebody who has spent a hefty sum on Facebook ads for myself and other people, I will tell you that the lower you spend per day the less performance you’ll get. That doesn’t mean that things won’t go great, but you’ll be limiting thing significantly. The ad system on Facebook is very organic and gives favor to those who spend more. If you just start doing ads you might notice it can take forever to get an ad approved but when you’re a big spender it can be in a matter of a minute or less. Also when you run ads and put up bids you’re waiting for impressions which puts the ad on the sidebar of those you’re targeting. The lower your daily budget per day along with the bid you put in for each specific ad will have a big effect on how much exposure your ad gets. It can be tough to even get an ad jumpstarted with a budget that’s very low since you can’t get enough system favor due to the low amount. I’ve had ads where I set my daily budget too low, kept my bid the same, increased my daily budget and the ad shot off like a rocket. The goal here to get an ad moving and then milk it for all its worth as you slowly lower the bid and move it into what I call the “sweet spot.” I’ve had ads get down to very low CPC amounts after weening them down over a small period of time, and then they coast for a long time and the costs sometimes stay consistent and even go down in a lot of cases. This is why if you only have $100 to spend you won’t get very far, because you’ll never be able to spend enough in the long run to get your ads performing like that. Or your daily budget is set so low that your ads never are given the time to mature.

To sum up what I mean, the less you spend the more expensive your ads are likely to be. Sounds stupid? You bet it is! But that’s the way it works. Because you aren’t spending enough to allow mature ads to bubble to the surface out of all your tests, they’ll cost much more per click unless you “strike oil” which many ads I’ve done have and they become a mature ad almost immediately. Granted, I’m targeting enough people with the ad in my market that it can continue to give the ad impressions without the ad showing up too many times to the same person so that does affect things as well.

If you’re budget is extremely low (in the hundreds) then I’m not so sure spending it here is your best option. Lower budgeted projects would benefit more from the CPM type ads because you get impressions no matter what because of your bid while CPC ads don’t give you impressions at all unless your bid is high enough. If you have a really awesome CTR and you’re running CPM ads you could actually stretch $100 or a little more pretty far, but those times are likely and it always takes some time and money to learn how to do that. Plan on blowing some dollars to learn this stuff because every ad is different and every product/film is different.

Closing Statements

I hope this article has been helpful. I couldn’t spill all the beans here or else I would’ve written a book (perhaps I should?) and although things might be a tad confusing for some, I tried to pack as much helpful information into this as I could. If there are any questions you can email me at but just beware I get a ton of emails and yours can get lost in the cracks. Some emails I just have to ignore as well because either I could sit there forever just answering emails, or I can go make a movie and make a living. :) I’m also available for hire in this arena so any companies or people with films they want to try and spend some dollars on, hit me up!

Kyle Prohaska

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Zak Forsman is an artist-entrepreneur whose emotionally-charged motion pictures are known for highly authentic performances and beautiful compositions. They have been praised by Ain’t It Cool News as “Brilliant” and “Absolutely Gorgeous” and by Filmmaker Magazine as “Very Accomplished, Amazing.”

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By Saskia Wilson-Brown, May 2nd, 2011

In 2009, as a reaction against an increasingly corporate-ized and fractured media landscape, I decided to start an independent film screening series. My friend and colleague Georgi Goldman was also enthusiastic about the idea, and together we began running a monthly film series in Los Angeles: Cinema Speakeasy.

The purpose of Cinema Speakeasy was to be the filmic equivalent of the slow food movement  (but a heck of a lot less boring). We aimed to process films rather than quickly consume them. Positioning CS a not-for-profit organization, I was quite set on divorcing ourselves from the intervention of brands and sponsorship in the belief that – in this particular case – other people’s marketing strategies would corrupt our intention. Thus, we were to serve as advocates for the arts in a space that was separate from corporate commerce, all while showing people a good time.

With that said, we also hoped to create an alternative and non-inflated marketplace for independent film cause let’s get real for a second: We all have rent to pay. Willingly forgoing corporate support, and not keen on the virtual trumpeting that is crucial for successful IndieGoGo or Kickstarter campaigns, we needed to find alternate ways of creating this self-sufficient revenue stream for ourselves and our filmmakers. We hoped, simply, to survive – and to help filmmakers survive – without selling out. To do this, I believed that we needed a few things: A consistent audience, good programming, and a low overhead. Attaining those things, then, became the organization’s main goals.

We are now approaching Cinema Speakeasy’s second anniversary, with a recent expansion into San Francisco with the wildly popular CS:SF events. I wanted to share some of what we have learned in running this film series over the course of the last two years: The things that have allowed us to survive (and perhaps even modestly thrive?) in a very bad economic climate for the arts. Here, then, are my golden rules for running an independent film screening series.

Golden rule number one: Maintain a not-for-profit attitude, but make sure the organization can pay for its expenses.

When we started CS I plastered ‘we give all our revenue to the filmmakers and the venues’ all over the place. In retrospect, this was a mistake. Although we have maintained that policy thus far, we are going to change it for the simple reason that we need to pay for things like web hosting, promotional materials, advertising. If we don’t pay for those things, we limit our reach, which does a disservice to the filmmakers when no one shows up to their screening.

Having said that, it’s no secret that it’s devilishly hard to make a living while staying independent. So forget about making money, at least for the first 3 years, but don’t forget to apportion a part of whatever comes in to your organization’s survival, and to share the rest!

In practice: Don’t quit your day job, and NEVER get into personal debt for the sake of the organization. If you can’t afford to do the event, consider a different approach where it doesn’t cost so much. Keep overhead low, and be sure to split the revenue at the door between yourself, the venue, and the filmmaker – but always split the money that has come in AFTER deducting the expenses incurred in promoting the screening.

Golden rule number two: Plan for low audiences, and set realistic expansion goals.

Something I learned from my days at the Silver Lake Film Festival is that a too rapid expansion = a guaranteed disaster. It always pays to underestimate the amount of people who will show up. Slow but steady wins the race, when it comes to non-profits, and small is often more fun anyways: It’s better to have a packed-feeling small room than an empty-feeling big room.

In practice: For the first year of Cinema Speakeasy we stayed at a small venue (the amazing Echo Park Film Center) that seated about 60 people. Once we had created a consistent series of events, we dabbled with larger venues through special one-off high-profile screenings.  Now, almost two years in, the organization has expanded to San Francisco (with monthly events run there by a trio of uber-dames: Fhay Arceo, Allison Davis and Kate Sullivan Green), and we are starting to regularly expand to new larger venues in LA. Our larger events, which we typically do at a rate of one per quarter, are working because we have slowly built the audience to support this expansion, and because we are cautious and conservative about numbers and expenses.

Golden rule number three: Keep your eye on quality

It’s one thing to have a democratic approach, it’s quite another to show any old thing. That’s what YouTube is for.

Do not forget to maintain a level of quality. If you show ‘bad’ films, even your best friends will stop showing up, not to mention strangers. You won’t be able to grow an audience, and you will ultimately do a disservice to the filmmakers whose work you show.

However, if you gain a reputation for showing good content- as independent as you please but always to a certain standard (those standards are yours to decide) – you will gain a following and people will be honored to be included. It’s curation, and you can interpret it as you will, but do not forget to set standards – whatever they may be for you – and stick to them.

In practice: This is a golden rule I have had a hard time with, myself, and it’s only through my colleague Georgi’s prodding that I’ve begun to see the light on the value of saying no no no. It’s very hard to balance open access with good content, but it must be done.

In practice, also, if you have a lot of filmmaker friends who you want to support through your organization, consider implementing a ‘friends and family’ sub-series- an open call facet to your screening event, where you provide an audience to people just starting out, or whose work is challenging. Keep it separate from the main curated event, and do these at small venues.

Golden rule number four: Be open to oblique approaches

Be open to other mediums as a way of bringing attention to film, and this sometimes may include non-indie film. We’ve found this to be an excellent way to bring new audiences to our programming. Although every effort should be made to engage fellow filmy types, do not focus entirely on the indie film community. It’s small, it’s self-referential, and it’ll limit you.

In practice: Cinema Speakeasy has partnered with art galleries, music venues and other such entities to create two-part programs around a film. For instance, we did a potato-type ransom note workshop at a local gallery in Los Angeles (Machine Project), and partnered with a local design community (Kernspiracy) to get people interested and thinking about typography. This was all in support of our screening of Kartemquin Film’s ‘Typeface’.

This, and other oddball events such as the Tranimal Makeup Workshop (that we produced, and was curated by artist Austin Young, as a part of our ‘Ultra Fabulous Beyond Drag’ screening event), have been incredibly successful at bringing new types of people to our events, and many of them have come back and proposed some awesome ideas of their own.

Guerilla menu inserts

Golden rule number five: Get the F off the internet, already.

Marketing. The evil reality of doing anything that requires other people in this age of brands and buzz.

One thing’s for certain, and all the talk about ‘the power of social media’ notwithstanding, I’ve found there to be a fairly low correlation between Facebook or Twitter followers and butts in seats. It’s easy to hit ‘like’, but it’s a very different experience to get in the car, look for parking, feed the meter, walk a few blocks, and watch an unknown movie. Put simply: A lot of online participation is not a guarantee that people will show up.

What makes people do THAT is good programming, the potential to meet sexy new people, and (with some exceptions) traditional media support. Not sure why, but in our experience a write-up in the local weekly means a full house, 152 retweets does not. Maybe it has something to do with reaching new people rather than the same people you already communicate with online all the time. Or maybe it’s because people trust traditional media cause they’re better curators.

In practice: Instead of focusing all your efforts on creating buzz online, just BE awesome, focus on showing your audience a good time and on actual word of mouth, and consider traditional publicity for the larger events. Use social media as a complementary strategy, but not THE strategy.

We at CS also tend to engage in teenage-like ‘marketing’ such as sticking handwritten flyers in menus at hip diners, posting stickers everywhere we can get away with it, and generally trying to get attention in the real world. It seems to be working so far, is viral in a way more tangible way, and – mainly – it feels authentic to who we are.

Golden rule number six: Allow the organization to have a life beyond you, but set the rules early

If you succeed with your organization, people will come and want to be involved. You need these people for the organization to succeed. But never forget to make sure you maintain control of your organization’s overall trajectory and vision.

What this means is that you need to set the grand vision early (a mission statement and an organizational bible will help with this exponentially). But you also need to allow for expansion, changes of ownership, in short, whatever it takes for people to want to be involved, and are able to create and implement ideas. It’s basic good management skills, and it’s probably the one thing that will keep you up at night as you grapple with your own ego, sense of insecurity, etc.

One thing’s for sure: If you impose your vision in too draconian a manner, you will lose the very people who can help propel the organization to the next level. BUT, if you do not retain some leadership, you can lose control of the organization’s vision. Not an easy thing to balance.

In practice: When I had the idea to start a film series and call it Cinema Speakeasy, I had a certain vision in mind. When the organization’s current Executive Director Georgi Goldman officially came on board – right before the first screening event – she also had a vision. We were colleagues at work and used to confrontation and adaptation, so we simply confronted and adapted our ideas to one another. Together, we set a certain tone for the organization- and we set it early.

This is, and will, serve the organization well as it enters our current expansion phase. For instance, Cinema Speakeasy’s San Francisco edition was started and is run largely autonomously by its co-directors Fhay Arceo, Allison Davis and Kate Sullivan Green (FAK!) – who have final say in their programming, venues, marketing language, etc.

But, they still also use the visual ‘brand’, as it were (set by our brilliant creative-director-of-sorts Micah Hahn), and stick to the tone of the organization, as well as certain programming guidelines. Thus they maintain an approach that is in line with the larger CS organization- and in fact, take it to the next level of cool – but still act independently of the larger organization in many arenas. It’s a balancing act, and it works out very well if you pick your partners well. Which brings me to…

Golden rule number seven: Partner judiciously

Be picky. That’s all there is to this. There are a bazillion horror stories of what can go wrong if you pick the wrong partners- and I can categorically say that I’ve lived through just about all of the bad scenarios.

As a general rule, when approaching partnerships, it helps to think of what this person/organization can bring you right now, rather than what they could potentially bring you down the road. Keep it real, and keep a focus on your current needs.

In practice: Cinema Speakeasy partners creatively with like-minded folk – not too corporate, arts-centric, and who also have their shit together. We try to find oblique approaches, as well, by teaming up with oddball venues, creating cross-promotional partnerships with groups that wouldn’t usually be so excited about indie film, etc etc etc.

I could write five pages on this, so will leave it at this: Be judicious, work with people who are like-minded, and always write out (and agree to) the terms of the partnership early on.

2009, 20 people. 2011, 300 people.

Golden rule number eight: Expect defeat, and then expect success

If your role is to advocate for film by finding new audiences for the indies, then your goal is quite simple: Get people in seats. Simple, right?

The truth is, there’s no science or method to what will bring people in, all these golden rules notwithstanding. A front page write-up in the local paper will definitely help, but chances are that won’t happen for awhile, especially if you’re in a big city with tons of other competing things going on. A celebrity helps too, but that also gets really cheesy really fast, and can turn into a sort of Faustian deal with the devil, right quick.

In practice: If you want to maintain and grow your audience but don’t have access to tons of press, pay really strict attention to how you present your organization both online and offline, program with an eye towards quality (see rule #3), partner with awesome people and organizations (see rule #7), make every event fun, sociable (and a little raucous), and KNOW that you will occasionally have a occasionally super empty theatre. It’s no biggie. We’ve all been there. Just smile and take amazing photos of the three people who showed up.

Golden rule number nine: Just keep going

When I was in graduate school for fine art, one of the tutors told me that in a class of 20, at graduation all 20 are practicing artists. In five years, about 10 are still practicing artists. In 10 years, 5 are still making their work. But in 20 years only one will be making his work, and that one person will probably be well-known.

Consistency pays off, especially in a field where so many people give up early. Make sure you are in a position where you can maintain your organization in the lean years (see rules 1 and 2), and keep the faith.

As they say in Havana: SUERTE, chicos!

More info about Cinema Speakeasy can be found at A list of other amazing film programs that are thriving and surviving here in the US and abroad can be found here.

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Saskia Wilson-Brown has a background in fine art, curation, film festivals, TV and production design. She works as a producer, strategist and advocate; supporting initiatives such as DIY Days and Slamdance Film Festival (among others) while running a guerilla screening series called Cinema Speakeasy. She is currently in production on her first feature doc.

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